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Khmer Script

  • Type: Abugida
    • An abugida is a writing system in which consonant-vowel sequences are written as a unit and vowel notation is secondary
  • Direction: Left-to-right
  • Age: circa 611 - present
  • Approximately 79% of Cambodians are able to read Khmer

Consonants

  • 35 consonant characters, although 2 are obsolete (see below)
  • Each consonant has an inherent vowel, â or ô
  • Each consonant can belong to one of two series, the a-series or o-series
  • Each consonant, expect one, also has a subscript form
    • May also be called sub-consonants
      • ជើងអក្សរ in Khmer (cheung âksâr)
    • Most subscript consonants resemble their corresponding consonant symbol, but sometimes there's no obvious resemblance
    • Most subscript consonants are written directly below other consonants, although subscript r is written to the left, and others have ascending elements that appear to the right

Consonant table

Consonant
Subscript form
Full value (with inherent vowel)
Consonant value
្ក
k
្ខ
khâ
kh
្គ
k
្ឃ
khô
kh
្ង
ng
ng
្ច
châ
ch
្ឆ
chhâ
chh
្ជ
chô
ch
្ជ
chhô
chh
្ញ
nhô
nh
្ដ
d
្ឋ
thâ
th
Last modified 3yr ago